I would be interested in hearing others' thoughts on this too. Feel free to disagree with me or add a bullet point of your own in the comments field if you're interested.
Here we go:
- Discouragement is for suckers. If you can't take rejections, maybe this whole thing isn't for you. First and foremost. Out of the way.
- Many online journals are just as good (if not better, at this point) as many print journals. Read around in online journals and take advantage of being able to see everyone's work without having to get a subscription or buy an issue.
- Along with the former post, buying subscriptions to journals, or even if they're back issues, is supportive and positive and encouraged. Read some stuff online as far as current issues go, and buy a few subscriptions to the journals you like. And back issues, sometimes less than six months old, are cheap to get a hold of.
- Then again, don't buy into the "Read an issue before you decide to send to us" hype. Is it a good idea? Sure. Does it truly give you a sense of whether they may publish a poem or more from a batch that you send to them for consideration? Most often not. I've sent to journals that many have told me probably wouldn't be right for my work. And sometimes they took something. There are too many factors involved, especially when sending the same work to a number of journals. Manuscript submissions of poem batches are much cheaper, and therefore can be more can be more of an affordable risk, than book contests.
- Take advantage of the Online Submissions Manager, which many journals use, and print journals that take submissions by email. With a recent batch I sent out, I found out that Sou'wester and Indiana Review now take submissions via Submissions Manager, which I didn't know even two weeks ago. And there are more and more popping up week by week. It saves time, money, and gas to drive to the post office. Plus, the quicker the rejection, the happier you were that you didn't waste the postage. And the quicker you can write the name down on your "Where to Send Next" list.
- Keep. Good. Records. Especially if you're like me and you like to have work out as much as you can (as long as I have work to send out, of course). I have a system many would scoff at, as it's primarily a physical system, binder-clipped, with a pen the main tool to cross off rejections. Then the name of the journal goes on the aforementioned "Where to Send Next" list (though I don't call it that, as it's just an example). A lot of people use some form of a Spreadsheet. Use whatever works best for you, but make sure you keep good records. It's imperative.
- Along with the last point, as soon as you hear that a poem has been accepted elsewhere, notify every journal you sent that poem to immediately. I know too many people who don't do this, for various reasons, and I imagine they've pissed off many editors in the past. You can also spin your speediness into a positive; maybe it will get an editor to move your poems to the top, or to take a second look at a batch they previously thought they'd most likely reject.
- Find out where your favorite newer poets are publishing. Look at Acknowledgments section in their first or second books. I've discovered a few journals I didn't know existed by doing this.
- Don't take solicitation to mean, "I'm an editor that's going to publish you if you send me more work." You should be flattered that someone wants to actually take some time to consider your work beyond the slush pile in the first place.
- Just because a journal sends you a form rejection letter the first nine times, it doesn't mean they won't take a poem or more on the tenth (and this also goes for two and three or five and six...). Sometimes it takes only one time. Sometimes it takes twenty. When you have new work, and if you like their journal, keep sending.
- Duotrope can be interesting, but don't take it to heart. So many people don't report statistics. Most report only when they have an acceptance. But it's always nice to know, generally, how many days it takes for a journal to send a rejection versus an acceptance. Sometimes the stuff you've had out for six-plus months is still being considered. Maybe not all of those rejections got lost in the mail.
- If a journal says, "No Simultaneous Submissions," don't send them simultaneous submissions. This is something I've debated about, as I'm sure everyone has. And if the worst case scenario is getting blacklisted by a prominent journal such as The Georgia Review (completely off the top of my head, and also a journal I'd love to get into but have never sent to because they don't consider simultaneous submissions), it's not the worst thing in the world. There are many more journals. And life will go on. But those editors are reading your work thinking they're the only place considering your work. So if they accept something a day later after you've already committed to journal X, they're going to be pissed, and they're going to wonder why you sent work to their journal. I could rattle off the names of ten to twenty journals right now I wish I could send work to, but 1) I want to respect their rules, 2) I don't write as many poems as Bob Hicok or Seth Abramson, and 3) I don't think I'd get into many of them in the first place. My opinions may change very soon; who knows. But for now, there are so many journals out there who do accept simultaneous submissions, great journals with great editors, that it can become nearly impossible to find enough to send to if you have a ton of good poems you think are worthy and publishable.
- Despite the horrific term "croneism," which sounds like something a psychologist would use to me, or something cavemen used to formulate gutturally how many thousands of years ago around a campfire, having friends and acquaintances as editors is not a bad thing, and if you can use it in your favor, don't be ashamed of that fact. This is null and void when it comes to book contests, when anonymous judges should be reading anonymous manuscripts, though exceptions and luck and finger-pointing, despite many of the situations being benign, can certainly happen.
- A poem doesn't have to be polished until pulverized before it's sent out to poetry editors at a journal for consideration. There's a reason that most books have a little note after the Acknowledgments page that reads something like, "sometimes in earlier versions, earlier forms, different versions, different forms, etc." I've been known to write a blog post or two in the past about my interest in journal publication to book publication. And let's be serious, if you're saying, and you probably should be in the realist sense, "Who's going to read my book," then really, who's going to be reading this journal where my poem's published? Again, this is not meant to be reductive.
- Which brings me to a next point: Don't Be Afraid to Show the Love. Most journals are read by people interested in what's between the pages. Often these people are in school, and they're reading for any number of reasons. The point is: they're reading, and maybe your work, and that's great. But if you like something, or something rips out your aesthetic jugular, it's fairly easy now to contact people. Email. Facebook. Faculty pages. TheirName.com. Maybe it's just me, but when I find work I really love, I take the time to let those people know. It doesn't happen as often as one may think, but more often than some may think. As an example, keep an eye out for the poet Bobby C. Rogers. When I began as an MFA student, I read some poems, in journals I luckily had subscriptions to, of his and was completely blown away. After some searching, I found his email and emailed him, and he responded. I think his first book, when it comes out, is going to be one of the best first books of poetry this decade. The guy's amazing. And when I was checking my status on the Anthony Hecht Prize from Waywiser Press (I should be receiving the form rejection letter soon I imagine), I found out that Bobby C. Rogers was a finalist. His poems are theological and metaphysical, but they're all grounded in an effort of planting shrubs or doing work outside the house to finish a garden. It's seemingly simplistic but beautiful and amazing and relevant and wowing poetry. I can't wait until I hear the imminent news that his book will be published. And THIS is one of the reasons that reading journals can go beyond the normal turn-on-the-light-and-flip-through-this-sucker kind of post-dinner activity. Also it would be awful of me not to mention brother-in-arms Blake Butler, who, even though he's primarily a fiction writer, struck a chord in my writerly senses how-many-months-ago, if not beyond a year now (even though he still never calls me back). And he's opened me up to a new world of fiction, and new contacts, I would've otherwise probably never discovered. So don't be shy when you want to tell someone they've ripped your aesthetic head off. I could go on with more examples, but you're probably already done with this, so I won't.
- Maybe this is just me here, because I know, speaking of Blake, that he dealt with a situation like this, but as far as a poem's concerned, if the changes are minor, let the editor make positive changes, as long as it doesn't jeopardize what you're trying to say. If it does, or it's completely unreasonable, then tell them you'll be taking it elsewhere. But as someone wise once said to me, "What's really going to matter is how the poem looks in a book." I've seen books as much as 50% completely different than the original published poems in journals, and 100% the same. But there's always a little weight that gets released off the shoulders, off the chest, when a poem's published, sometimes whether you're working toward a book or manuscript or not.
- Addendum to the last: Publication can be the fuel for new work. It doesn't have to be. It isn't always. For some it may never be. But I've always said that if poems are published, or a lucky streak comes along and you have a good week or a good month, that you feel the need to start writing new poems. If no one ever sees your poems, if no one ever hears your poems, then you may be working on them for who-knows-how-long, which can be great. But like the under-read, still-amazingly-relevant Joe Bolton, I prefer to write new poems, to challenge myself, to purge myself of work that's been lying around sometimes forever, that needs at least some semblance of finality before I can move on. I've reworked poems to death even post-publication, but having it published, either electronically or on the printed page, can help you move on to positive and challenging new ways of thinking.
- This may be the last one. I've probably already exhausted this beyond belief. But I've seen it too much lately, or if not seen, have heard about it too much lately. Someone in an MFA program, who's busting their ass, taking their own reigns, wants to get their work out there, is doing just that, and is being successful. And they're brought down by their peers because of it. The word "Po-Biz," and what an ugly word it is, has triggered so much negativity lately. We write poetry to share our words, and we do something few folks understand or appreciate or care about or whatever the hell it is. And within that small percentage, there's a lot of folks bringing down others within the circle. Maybe it's Darwinian. I'm not sure. But life's too short not to be supportive of people who deserve it. So be supportive. We all know people who've made contacts and who have ridden that wave of poetic rock stardom to... maybe some adjunct teaching jobs in small southern towns? And really, is a $25,000 NEA fellowship really so much money that you're jealous of someone because they got it over you? If it is, fine, then be that way.